Bureau du coroner
A coroner, when notified of a death, may conduct an investigation or, more rarely, an inquest if justified by the circumstances.
The coroner is generally notified of a death by a physician or peace officer, but any citizen may notify the coroner of a death. If a death occurs in certain places such as penitentiaries or daycare centres, notification is compulsory.
Investigation The investigation is an independent process to gather information, during which the coroner must:
During the investigation, the coroner may, in particular, examine and photograph the body, or have it examined or photographed by another person, and order an expert report.
Following the investigation, the coroner must draw up a report, which is a public document filed in the records of the coroners.
A coroner who, during or following an investigation, considers that it would be expedient to hold an inquest , must immediately make a recommendation to that effect to the Chief Coroner (see definitions).
Inquest An inquest has the same objective as an investigation: to allow the coroner to determine the causes and circumstances of a death. It is not a way to appeal or review the results of an investigation.
The Chief Coroner may order an inquest if, in the opinion of the Chief Coroner:
During a public inquest, information and facts are presented to the investigating coroner (see definitions), who may summon as a witness any person who may be in a position to provide useful information. The coroner may also order the person to produce certain objects or documents.
Any person with an interest in the inquest may ask the coroner to be recognized as an interested person.
A public report is drawn up following the inquest and filed in the records of the coroners.
Chief Coroner Coroner appointed by the government with responsibility for coordinating, distributing and supervising the work of all coroners in Québec. Investigating coroner Coroner with legal training designated by the Chief Coroner to conduct inquests.
Any person wishing to obtain information on coroner’s investigations and inquests or who wishes to attend or take part in an inquest.
An Act respecting the determination of the causes and circumstances of death , R.S.Q., chapter R-0.2
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