Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux
The aim of the Québec newborn urine screening program is to detect children affected by certain hereditary metabolic disorders.
The program allows for early detection of infants affected by certain metabolic disorders involving urinary amino and organic acids, and prompt initiation of medical treatment.
The metabolic disorders screened for are due to the organism's poor assimilation or absorption of proteins and their derivatives (amino and organic acids).
The test is performed by urine screening when the baby is 21 days old, i.e. generally before the symptoms of metabolic disorders appear. When parents leave the hospital or birthing house with their child, they receive a kit with an information sheet and blotting paper. The parents are responsible for taking the urine sample. If they forget to take the sample when the baby is 21 days old, they must do so as soon as possible afterward. The test will be valid, but its relevance decreases as the child grows older.
Child born in Canada, outside Québec If a child is born in Canada, but outside of Québec, it is very likely that he or she had a newborn urine screening test. However, the illnesses that are screened for may vary according to the province or territory where the infant is born. If parents are in doubt, they may contact a birthing centre in Québec to have the infant screened under the Québec newborn urine screening program.
Child born outside Canada A child born outside of Canada may be screened under the Québec newborn urine screening program when he or she arrives in Québec. The parents may contact a birthing centre in Québec to receive the kit to take the urine sample. In the case of an adoption, this step is usually taken care of by the international adoption clinics. If it has not been done, or when in doubt, parents may contact a birthing centre in Québec.
All parents of newborns and children adopted outside of Québec.
The Québec newborn urine screening program is available free of charge to parents who are covered by the Québec Health Insurance Plan, whether parents of a newborn or a child adopted outside of Québec.
The content of the page:
Please provide any additional comments (details on the answers given above, difficulties met or suggestions for improvement) in the box below.
This box is not intended for inquiries. For security and privacy reasons, do not enter any personal information such as your social insurance number or email address.