Directeur de l'état civil
The Directeur de l'état civil issues the following civil status documents related to birth:
The only documents that prove a person’s birth are a birth certificate or a copy of the act of birth. Purposes for which they are used include:
Some organizations accept an attestation as proof of birth. Others require a birth certificate or a copy of the act of birth. Therefore, when a proof of birth is required you should check with the organization concerned as to what type of document it accepts. The can only issue a birth certificate or a copy of the act of birth if the birth is recorded in the Québec register of civil status. The certificate or copy of the act will be issued in the same language as that in which the birth was recorded in the register. A birth certificate can be issued in either long form or short form. Long-form Birth Certificate A long-form birth certificate contains the following information about the person concerned:
Other information on the certificate includes the registration number of the birth in the Québec register of civil status and the number and date of issue of the certificate. Short-form Birth Certificate A short-form birth certificate contains the same information as the long-form certificate, less the family and given names of the mother and father. Copy of an Act of Birth A copy of an act of birth reproduces all of the information on the act of birth. However, certain information may be missing if the birth took place before 1994. Also on the copy of the act are the number and date of issue of the copy. Attestation of Birth An attestation of birth is a letter bearing the seal of the Directeur de l'état civil. It certifies the presence or absence of:
Act of Birth Issued Outside of QuébecThe Directeur de l'état civil can insert into the Québec register of civil status an act of birth issued outside of Québec by a competent authority. The act must concern a person domiciled in Québec. After inserting such an act, the can only issue a long-form birth certificate or an attestation of birth. A copy of the act cannot be issued. Note Despite its insertion into the register, an act of birth issued outside of Québec is a semi-authentic document (see Definitions), unless its validity has been recognized by a Québec court. Certificates and attestations related to such an act that are issued by the civil will bear a statement as to the semi-authentic nature of the act.
Semi-authentic Document Document issued by the Directeur de l'état civil certifying that an event took place outside of Québec and that the act concerning it was drawn up by a public officer in the other province or country.
Since the clientele and requirements can vary depending on the service, this information is provided for each service.
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