Secrétariat à l'adoption internationale
Any individual who wishes to adopt a child domiciled outside Québec must go through several steps. The adoptive parent must
complete administrative and legal formalities that vary depending on the country;
Secrétariat à l’adoption internationale The Secrétariat acts on behalf of the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux as Québec's central authority for international adoption.
The Secrétariat is involved in all adoptions of children domiciled outside Québec. The Secrétariat advises adoptive parents on international adoption, the conditions and requirements of the countries of origin and the procedures involved in the process.
The Secrétariat keeps all international adoption files. Under Québec legislation, files pertaining to the adoption of children domiciled outside Québec are confidential and the information they contain can only be disclosed where permitted by law. The information may be used for processing requests for sociobiological history or for international reunions.
The Secrétariat also makes recommendations to the Ministère with respect to the certification of bodies that carry out adoption procedures for adoptive parents. To be certified, the body must meet certain conditions. In Québec, only certified bodies may act as international adoption intermediaries.
Certified bodies Under the Civil Code of Québec, international adoption through a certified body is the normal process for adoption. Any individual who wishes to adopt a child domiciled outside Québec is invited to contact the certified bodies. Some bodies offer information sessions and/or consulting services in preparation for adoption.
The mission of a certified body is to defend the children’s rights, promote their interests and enhance their living conditions in accordance with the principles to which Québec and the international community adhere. The certified body is responsible for helping, supporting and advising the adoptive parents who have recourse to its services in order to pursue their adoption project. It acts as an intermediary for the adoptive parents by carrying out on their behalf certain adoption procedures.
In practical terms, the body’s officials must establish and maintain in the country for which the body has been certified harmonious working relations with the authorities responsible for adoption and the resource persons concerned. Such relations facilitate adoption procedures and processes in the countries of origin. In some instances, the certified bodies make a financial contribution in the countries of origin to enhance living conditions in orphanages and support projects that benefit the community overall in the countries in question.
Finalization of adoption procedures International adoption procedures are finalized when:
Costs related to international adoption The costs related to international adoption, including the travel costs of the adoptive parents, may vary depending on the region of destination within the country of origin or on the certified body's procedure.
The costs may also vary according to the child's home country. These costs include, among other things, administration and coordination fees incurred in Québec and abroad, legal fees, fees for the translation and authentication of documents, and travel expenses.
The breakdown of the estimated costs as well as the terms and conditions of termination and repayment must be included in the contract signed between the adoptive parents and the certified body.
Information guides for adoptive parents The folder Adoption: the Child Comes First and the Guide for the Adoption of a Child Domiciled Outside Québec provide information on the general and legal aspects of international adoption and the steps to follow to adopt a child from another country.
ClienteleIndividuals who wish to carry out an international adoption project through a Québec certified body for a child domiciled outside Québec.
RequirementsUnder the Québec legislation, the adoptive parent must meet the following conditions:
The adoptive parent can choose the country where he or she wishes to adopt a child, but must make sure to meet the requirements of the country of origin.
The content of the page:
Please provide any additional comments (details on the answers given above, difficulties met or suggestions for improvement) in the box below.
This box is not intended for inquiries. For security and privacy reasons, do not enter any personal information such as your social insurance number or email address.