A surviving spouse’s pension may be paid to the spouse (see definitions) of the deceased if he or she contributed sufficiently to the Québec Pension Plan. The surviving spouse’s pension is one of three types of survivors’ benefits payable under the Québec Pension Plan. The other two are the death benefit and the orphan’s pension.
SpouseThe person who was married to, or in a civil union or de facto union with the deceased person at the time of his or her death. A person is considered to be the de facto spouse if he or she had been living with the deceased for at least three years, or one year if a child was born or is to be born of their union, or if a child was adopted. Contributory periodThe period that begins in the month following a person’s 18th birthday and ends at the end of the month preceding the one in which the payment of a retirement pension begins, at the end of the month of the person’s 70th birthday or at the end of the month of his or her death.
As the clientele and conditions may vary based on the services, this information is provided under each service.
The amount of a surviving spouse’s pension varies based on the following factors:
Retroactive paymentRetroactive payment of a surviving spouse's pension is limited to 12 months from the date of receipt of the application, provided that the spouse meets all the criteria. Tax treatmentThe surviving spouse’s pension is taxable. You may ask Retraite Québec to deduct income tax at source. IndexationThe surviving spouse’s pension is indexed annually. Terms of payment The surviving spouse’s pension is paid on the last working day of each month, by cheque or direct deposit. The surviving spouse’s pension is paid as of the month following the deceased’s death. It is usually paid until the surviving spouse’s death. Dates of monthly paymentsMonthly payments of the surviving spouse’s pension in 2017 will take place on the following dates
An Act respecting the Québec Pension Plan , CQLR, chapter R-9
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