When a Couple Separates.

De facto Union

Ministère de la Justice

Important Notice

This page is being updated. Meanwhile, as the information currently online may not be complete, we invite you to consult the French version. Thank you for your understanding.

The Civil Code of Québec does not recognize de facto spouses. However, some administrative Acts assign rights to de facto spouses to receive benefits under certain conditions. You must check with each government department or body concerned whether its criteria for the recognition of de facto spouses apply in your situation.

As a rule, you must have lived in a conjugal union relationship for at least three years or for one year if a child was born or if a child was adopted.

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