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If you or your spouse have worked in a foreign country and contributed to its social security plan, you might be entitled to a disability pension from that country. Eligibility conditions vary from one country to another.
The social security agreements between Québec and certain foreign countries allow Québec citizens, who have worked in one of these countries (and their spouse in certain cases) to receive a pension, such as a retirement pension, disability benefits or survivors’ benefits, from that country. These agreements authorize the addition of contribution periods to a prescribed plan so that workers not normally eligible under the sole provisions of the Québec Pension Plan or the plan of the foreign country where they worked are eligible for a pension.
Certificate of coverageThese agreements also enable an employer who temporarily assigns an employee to a country that signed an international social security agreement with Québec to obtain a certificate of coverage. The certificate allows the employer and the employee to make certain contributions only to Québec.
Application of the agreementsThe Bureau des ententes de sécurités sociales (BESS) from Retraite Québec is responsible for the application of the agreements. The Bureau
ClienteleThe following persons may be entitled to a pension from a foreign country that has signed an international social security agreement with Québec:
Conditions Conditions may apply, varying from one country to the other according to the details of the agreement in effect. Therefore, each case must be analyzed by the Bureau des ententes de sécurité sociale of Retraite Québec.
Note A former spouse (in the case of a divorce or legal separation) may receive a foreign pension from certain countries that have signed a social security agreement with Québec. However, since the conditions vary depending on each country’s social security plan, the former spouse should contact the Bureau des ententes de sécurité sociale of Retraite Québec to find out the specific conditions that apply.
The foreign pension is usually calculated based on the contributions paid by the worker in the foreign country concerned.
NoteThe foreign pension does not affect the amount of the pension paid by Retraite Québec.
The Bureau des ententes de sécurité sociale of Retraite Québec has administered these agreements since February 3, 2003.