Any person under age 65 who becomes disabled.
The person must have a disability recognized as severe and permanent by Retraite Québec and must also have contributed to the Québec Pension Plan for one of the following periods:
- at least two of the last three years of his or her contributory period (see definitions);
- at least five of the last ten years of his or her contributory period;
- at least half the years of his or her contributory period and not less than two years;
- at least four of the last six years of his or her contributory period, if the person is age 60 to 65 and able to carry on full-time employment, but unable to carry on his or her usual work.
If the person contributed to the Canada Pension Plan or the pension plan of a country with which Québec has signed an international social security agreement, those years of contribution can be taken into consideration in determining whether the person is eligible for a disability pension.
A person who receives an unreduced income replacement indemnity from the Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail cannot be granted a disability pension.
A person applying for a disability pension must
- complete the sections of the Application for Disability Benefits Under the Québec Pension Plan form corresponding to his or her situation;
- mail to Retraite Québec the first two parts of the form, i.e. the part concerning the application per se and the part concerning the consent to release medical, psychosocial or administrative information and enclosed any other medical documents or analytical results about the applicant's disability;
- complete section 1 of the medical report included in the form and give it to his or her attending physician;
- ask his or her attending physician to complete the other sections of the medical report and send it to Retraite Québec.
The application form can be sent to Retraite Québec without the medical report so that the application can be processed more rapidly. The physician must send the report to Retraite Québec as soon as possible.
Persons registered for the RRQ’s online My Account service (mandatory clicSÉQUR authentication) can use the service to evaluate the amount of disability pension they could be paid or consult their statement of participation.