A person is deemed absent if he or she, although still a resident of Québec, has ceased to be seen at home, has not been heard from by anyone and is not known to be still alive. The person is presumed to be alive during the seven years that follows his or her disappearance, unless his or her death is proven during that period.
A member of your family may disappear in various ways: through kidnapping, running away, illness, a natural disaster, murder or suicide. Generally speaking, The Court can hand down a declaratory judgment of death once seven years have elapsed from the date of the disappearance. The Directeur de l'état civil may also draw up the act of death of a missing person's.