Becoming a parent.

Declaration of Birth

Directeur de l'état civil

Declaring a Birth

Important Notice

This page is being updated. Meanwhile, as the information currently online may not be complete, we invite you to consult the French version. Thank you for your understanding.

To declare the birth of their child, parents must proceed either by:

  • filling out a print version of the Declaration of Birth form; or
  • using the online electronic declaration of birth service.

Parents can also fill out the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services form, which is inserted in the print version of the Declaration of Birth or included in the online electronic declaration of birth service.

The Declaration of Birth must be filled out by

  • either parent, if the parents are married or in a civil union;
  • both parents, if they are not married or in a civil union.

Print version of the Declaration of birth
The print version of the Declaration of Birth is given to parents at the hospital or birthing centre, along with a copy of the Attestation of Birth form duly completed by the physician or midwife.

The hospital or birthing centre staff will send the duly completed Declaration of Birth along with the original Attestation of Birth to the Directeur de l’état civil. Parents also have the option of filling out the Declaration of Birth at home, in which case they must send, by mail, the original to the Directeur de l’état civil in the city of Québec within the prescribed time.

Online electronic declaration of birth service
Rather than filling out the print version of the Declaration of Birth, new parents can use the online electronic declaration of birth service. The online service also allows parents to:

  • request a certificate or copy of the act of birth;
  • track the processing of their file.

Note
The Act to amend the Civil Code as regards civil status, successions and the publication of rights was passed in the National Assembly of Québec on December 6, 2013. It eliminated the requirement that a print version of the Declaration of Birth be signed by a witness. Accordingly, if the parents receive an old version of the form, they do not have to fill out the section relating to the witness.

Once entered in the Québec register of civil status, the Declaration of Birth becomes the act of birth. A child’s act of birth is drawn up in the same language as the Declaration of Birth. The language of the act of birth may not be changed unless it is demonstrated that an error was made when registering the birth. If the parents use the print version of the form to declare their child’s birth, it is therefore important that they use the form in the language of their choice, i.e. French or English.

Note
If the birth did not take place in a hospital or birthing centre, the parents must contact the Directeur de l’état civil to find out how to declare their child’s birth.

Unmarried father absent at the time of birth
If the father is not married to the child’s mother, and expects to be absent at the time of the birth or within the 30 days following it, before leaving, he must fill out the authorization to declare paternity form to prove that he is the child’s father. The form is available only at the office of the Directeur de l’état civil.

After the child’s birth, the mother must send the form to the Directeur de l’état civil along with the Declaration of Birth. The form is mandatory for the father’s name to appear on the act of birth.

No signature of unmarried father or mother on the Declaration of Birth
If one of the unmarried parents did not sign the Declaration of Birth, the Directeur de l’état civil will ask that parent to sign an acknowledgment of maternity or paternity. If no acknowledgment is signed, the child’s act of birth will bear the inscription “mother unknown” or “father unknown”.

Print version of the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services
Parents have the option of filling out the print version of the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services appended to the Declaration of Birth given to them at the hospital or birthing centre. The parents should also receive the leaflet entitled General Information on the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services.

Preferably, the completed application form, along with the Declaration of Birth, must be given to a staff member at the hospital or birthing centre, who will then see that they are forwarded to the Directeur de l’état civil. Parents can also fill out the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services at home, in which case they must send it to the Directeur de l’état civil themselves, along with the Declaration of Birth, within the prescribed time.

Electronic filing of the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services
Parents who use the online electronic declaration of birth service may also complete the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services.

  • traduction anglaise
  • ;#7;#Directeur de l'état civil;#