If you are supporting a minor child of the deceased and that person contributed sufficiently to the Québec Pension Plan, you may receive an orphan’s pension until the child reaches the age of 18. You must ascertain whether the definition of dependent child applies to your situation. The orphan’s pension is payable as of the month following the parent’s death. Almost without exception, the pension is paid retroactively for up to 12 months. If you are already receiving a surviving spouse’s pension, the orphan’s pension is added to your payment.