The definitions in this information guide are intended to familiarize you with the general terms in use. They have no legal value. You must verify with each department or agency to find out the definitions specific to each program or eligibility criterion.
Payment made, in particular, under a program or plan.
To give by will in anticipation of death.
Act of placing a dead person in the ground.
Civil union contract
Notarized contract on the civil union of two persons.
Addition or modification to a will after it has been written, without it being invalidated.
Building with recesses in the walls to receive cinerary urns.
Amount paid to one of the spouses to compensate for his or her contribution to the enrichment, in property or services, of the other spouse’s patrimony.
Public office that investigates the causes of and circumstances surrounding a death when these are unexplained or unclear.
Person appointed to administer the property of and look after a person whom the court has declared incapacitated.
Harm, loss or injury to a person.
De facto spouse
Person living in a conjugal relationship with another person without the undertaking of marriage or a civil union.
Procedure to improve the appearance and preserve the body of a deceased person for visitation purposes, before it is cremated or buried.
Certain property provided for by law that is acquired by married or civil union spouses for the usual needs of the family.
Farewell ceremony in homage to a deceased person.
Expert responsible for preparing the body of a deceased person and coordinating funeral arrangements.
Tradition or rite surrounding death.
Person who is entitled to an inheritance and accepts it according to the law.
Body of a deceased person.
Amount granted to compensate for damage sustained.
Property and assets from a succession (an estate).
A spouse recognized by the Civil code of Québec as a result of marriage or a civil union.
Person designated to liquidate a person’s succession after death.
Notarized contract on the marriage of two persons.
Large sepulchral monument where cinerary urns are stored.
Person less than 18 years old.
Obligation of support
Legal obligation to provide for the support and educational needs of the children and spouse by marriage or civil union.
Annual income from financial investments or paid under a public or private program or plan.
Person of full age
Person 18 years old or over.
Property and liabilities left by a deceased person, to be distributed according to the dispositions of the law or the will.
Person entitled to inherit who has not yet accepted the succession.
Person who outlives another person.
Person who makes a will.
Tutor to a minor
Person of full age responsible for overseeing the care provided to a minor and the administration of the child’s property.
Document by which property is bequeathed and last wishes made known in case of death.